Quantiferon TB Gold®
Quantiferon TB Gold® test is a screening test for Tuberculosis. It is a type of IGRA test (Interferon Gamma Release Assay). The test measures the cell-mediated responses to antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Quantiferon testing was FDA approved in 2001. The test involves having a blood sample taken and sending the specimen to the lab for analysis.
The Quantiferon test can be used as an alternative to either a one step or two step Tuberculosis skin test. Like a TB skin test, the Quantiferon does not distinguish between active or inactive TB. The most recent guidelines from the CDC recommend Quantiferon in most situations.
Tuberculosis screening is often required for health care workers, students, immigration medical exams, international travelers and other people who may be at risk. Sometimes, the tuberculosis skin test is inconvenient due to the need to return in 48-72 hours to have the injection site checked.
Like TB skin testing, live vaccines may interfere with the Quantiferon test results. The CDC recommends the Quantiferon be given either on the same day as live-virus vaccines or at least 4 weeks after live vaccines. Live-virus vaccines include MMR, Varicella, Shingles, Yellow Fever, Smallpox and Intranasal Influenza
Advantages of the Quantiferon TB Gold® include:
- Not needing to return for the test results like the TB skin test which requires 2 visits (we can send the results to you, your school or work)
- BCG vaccine will not cause a false positive in Quantiferon test as it sometimes does with a TB Skin test
- Results are usually available in 3-5 business days
- Can be used in all circumstances in which a TB Skin test is recommended
Limitations of the Quantiferon TB Gold® include:
- Not recommended in children 5 years old
- Limited data on immunocompromised individuals
- Persons very recently exposed to TB
- Negative (Normal)
- Indeterminate (the test was unable to determine a result of negative or positive and the test should be repeated with a new blood sample)
- Positive (Abnormal)
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis infection and decisions about personal or public health should be based on other clinical information as well as Quantiferon results.
If you have a positive Quantiferon result, you should be evaluated for the likelihood of progression to active Tuberculosis by either the public health Tuberculosis Clinic or your Primary Care Provider and a Chest x-ray.
TB Skin Testing
A TB skin test is used to determine if a person already has immunity to the Tuberculosis bacteria. This can occur if someone has TB, if they were exposed to TB in the past, or if they received the BCG vaccine. A liquid is injected in the top layers of skin on the forearm, and the injection site is checked 48-72 hours later for a specific reaction.Read More About TB Skin Testing
Very good staff and very patient. Didn’t have to wait to get testing done and the lady who drew my blood was very helpful and understanding of myRead More
I was given all the information I needed on vaccines and more, for my upcoming international travel plans!Read More
Great customer service and quick service really professional.Read More
Fast and easy. No WaitRead More
I needed a quick TB test and had never been here.. these ladies are very professional..kind and made me feel comfortable in how they followed the..Read More
Staff was extremely precise, polite and patient and their efficacy makes for a very seamless visit. Chardae at reception was the most pleasant...Read More
Super accommodating. Fast and easy to talk to. Highly recommended.Read More
Very friendly staff....safety of patients in mind during check in...and my appointment time was honoredRead More
Friendly, professional, on time and clean.Read More
WONDERFUL EXPERIENCE, THE STAFF IS VERY NICE AND PROFESSIONALRead More
I was in and out in no time at all!! Quick, professional service with a smile!! Very positive experience and would highly recommend!!Read More
easy to make the appt, they understood my concerned and validated it. thank you.Read More
great placeRead More
The MA was quite kind and asked all the right questions before my immunization. I've had adverse reactions before to needles, and she was quite...Read More
Overall great experience!!!Read More
They are professional and has always treated me proper.Read More